RESTORING IMAGE SHARPNESS: Eye Cataract Treatment in Singapore


According to the Singapore Association of the Visually Handicapped (SAVH), cataract is one of the common eye diseases in the country. A cataract is the clouding of the eye lens that damages vision. Cataracts are associated with the aging process that is why it is not unusual to see older people with cataracts. An eye cataract can occur in one eye or both. One consoling aspect is that a cataract affecting one eye cannot spread to the other.

Sometimes people have this notion that a cataract is a tumor or malignant eye growth. Although the symptoms manifest in older individuals, the condition can emerge at birth or congenital and from traumatic injuries. People with diabetes are also prone to cataracts.1

How do cataracts affect vision?

A cataract caused by aging affects people’s vision in two ways:

  1. Protein clusters

Water and protein reside in the eye lens. When the protein forms a cluster, a noticeable cloud will form to cover the lens. The cloud will diminish the sharpness or clarity of the image. It simply means the light rays are faint when transmitted to the retina. Protein clusters cause most of the age-related cases of cataracts.

The cloud formation is not abrupt. A small cloud develops at first and affects only a small area of the lens. Slight changes in vision will already be felt. The cloud grows slowly but steadily, and the deterioration of vision follows simultaneously. In time, the size of the cataract will surge to cover a wider area in the lens. The vision gets cloudier and dimmer. Whereas focusing and seeing is easy before, it becomes problematic with cataracts.

  1. Changing lens color

The once clear lens during younger years will slowly change in color when people age. Tinting may happen in small quantity at first starting with a brownish shade. It will not affect vision at the onset, but over time, amplified tinting will make reading more difficult and burdensome. This discoloration does not affect the sharpness or consistency of images reaching the retina. Color blindness is a consequence of an advanced stage of lens discoloration.

Are Cataracts Treatable?

An eye doctor can perform an eye examination to test a person’s eye condition and detect the presence of cataracts. Once diagnosed with cataracts, the only treatment available is cataract surgery.2

Cataract Surgery

  • Cataract surgery is a procedure that involves the removal of the cloudy lens. Surgery is imperative if cataracts hamper the person’s routine activities like driving and reading. • Patients undergoing cataract surgery need not be confined in the clinic or hospital. The procedure lasts for an hour or less. The success rate of uncomplicated cataract operations is close to a 100%. Recovering from the surgery takes about two weeks at the most. Patients report significant improvement in vision and remarkable image sharpness after the surgery.

An eye cataract is a likely occurrence as a person ages. Aging is the only probable cause eye doctors will tell patients seeking advice. Perhaps the risk of cataracts and its development can be contained with a healthy diet and good nourishment.

If a proven way is not yet foreseeable, it is suggested that eye check-ups be made on a regular basis, especially for adults nearing the age of fifty. Ideally, a person should see their eye doctor once per year, or when they have a symptom relating to their eye health. A clear vision should be part of an individual’s lifestyle goal when approaching the sunset years.

Everything You Need to Know About Gallbladder Removal in Singapore

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The gallbladder is a pouch-like structure found under the liver. Its purpose is to produce bile which is a digestive fluid that helps crush down fat deposits into fatty acids so that the gastrointestinal tract can take it into the body.

The gallbladder is considered a vestigial organ, which means that although it has a role to play in the digestive process, the body may still carry on with digestion even without it.


Despite the gallbladder being a vestigial organ, it may still be infected by certain diseases or complication which may affect its function as well as the function of the other organs. Some of these diseases include:

  1. Gallstones

Image result for GallstonesGallstones, also known as cholelithiasis, are hard deposits which contain salt, cholesterol, or bilirubin that are eliminated by erythrocytes or red blood cells. This causes complication in the gallbladder due to the obstruction it causes in the duct. The gallbladder removal may be recommended if the gallstones are causing damage to the other adjacent organs such as the pancreas.

  1. Cholecystitis

Image result for CholecystitisCholecystitis is characterized by the inflammation of the gallbladder due to gallstones.

  1. Gallbladder cancer

Image result for Gallbladder cancerThis type of cancer is rare and its symptoms may be experienced when the cancer is in its late stages already.

  1. Gallstone Pancreatitis

Image result for Pancreatitis

This is a type of gallstone complication in which the excess deposit of the gallstone has blocked the bile duct inhibiting the pancreatic enzymes from being transported to the small intestine, thus causing them to return to the pancreas. This cycle causes irritation in the cells of the pancreas which results in its inflammation also known as pancreatitis.


Should a patient is found to be suffering from a gallbladder complication, one of the most common procedures that he/she may undergo through is a gallbladder removal procedure. This procedure has been proven safe considering that the gallbladder is a vestigial organ and does not greatly affect the overall digestion process. This procedure is widely available in Singapore, and can be done through the following processes:

  1. Laparoscopy or laparoscopic gallbladder surgery It’s a process in which the gallbladder is removed through inflicting several incisions in the abdomen. The doctor will then insert a laparoscope into one of the incisions to remove the gallbladder.
  2. Laparotomy On the other hand, laparotomy or the traditional gallbladder surgery involves a larger incision to remove the gallbladder.
  3. Shock Wave Therapy Although this procedure does not entirely remove the gall bladder, this has been proven effective to remove gallstones which is found to be causing worse complication to the gallbladder and other organs. In this procedure, shock waves are used to crush down the stones. This type of treatment is required to be done repeatedly to completely break down the stones.
  4. Contact Dissolution This type of treatment is done through insertion of a catheter into the abdomen. Chemical solvents are then inserted through the catheter to dissolve gallbladder stones.

These gallbladder removal procedures are administered with general anesthesia and the surgery may last for over an hour. Recovery period for laparoscopy may be faster than the other types of surgery which may last for 2-6 days. Average cost of gallbladder removal surgery is around $800-$1,000 depending on the rate of the hospital and the type of the procedure to be undertaken. It is highly recommended for patients suspected of having gallbladder problems to schedule immediate checkup with a doctor for proper evaluation and advice.

In What Situations Would You Need to Test Indoor Air Quality?


If you are the manager or owner of a food establishment in Malaysia, it’s important that you pay attention to the establishment’s air quality. Always keep in mind that the Malaysian government, through the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), strictly regulates the cleanliness of commercial establishments that serve food to the public. Whether you run a large restaurant or a medium-sized eatery, you have to make sure that the indoor air comfort is compliant with the rules and policies.1

When To Test Your Establishment’s Air Quality

  1. When your establishment is located near a public transportation route. For instance, if the establishment is adjacent to a busy street, you should test the air quality regularly to ensure that you are not endangering the health of your customers.
  2. When the appropriate government agency notifies you that they will be visiting your establishment for a health safety inspection. In this case, you should test the air quality immediately so that you will be ready with the results when the inspectors arrive. In some instances, the inspectors will make tests on their own and compare the results with your own measurements.
  3. When mold or mildew is forming in certain areas of your restaurant. Pollution is not the only harmful particles floating in the air. You also have to worry about floating fungi and other organisms. These can cause illnesses especially to those who have allergies or those who have respiratory conditions.
  4. When you smell something in the air, but you can’t pinpoint the source. One way to determine the source of the foul odor is to check and test the quality of the air.2

What Tools Can You Use To Test Air Quality?

There are a lot of electronic and mechanical tools out there that are specifically used in measuring the level of pollutants in the air. You can find these tools online or in hardware stores. Some air filtration systems also come with their own built-in air testers.

In a nutshell, if you own a food business in Malaysia, you should regularly test the establishment’s air quality. You should do it for two main reasons. One, it’s required by the Malaysian government’s health department. And two, it helps in ensuring the safety of your customers.

5 Amazing Things That Will Happen After Switching To Organic Food

organicMost non-organic foods contain toxic elements like pesticides that can do a lot of harm to a person’s body in the long run, depending on one’s health condition. More Hong Kongers are aware of such harm now, hence the increase in people switching to organic food. These are the five amazing things that will happen after switching to organic food:heart4

  1. Healthier and stronger heart Any product produced from grass-fed, organic animals contain higher levels of CLA or conjugated linoleic acid, a type of essential fatty acid that occurs naturally to strengthen the heart, help in the prevention of certain heart-related disease and cancer, and provide general protection for the heart.default-banner
  2. Stronger immune system CLA not only strengthens the heart and prevents heart-related disease and cancer, it also regulates the immune system, making it stronger than ever. Antibiotics overload in the body (due to years of eating non-organic foods) could lead to weakened immune system, so switching to organic food could help to regulate it, eventually strengthening the immune system in the long run.gmo1
  3. Slowed aging signs Toxic elements such as GMOs (genetically modified organisms), herbicides, and pesticides can rapidly age its consumers. Some even develop tumors and die at a young age due to a diet high in GMOs. Switching to organic foods can slow down aging signs and help one to avoid life-threatening health risk.Garden-Harvest-Basket-1440x960
  4. Better overall health condition Non-organic foods tend to carry food-borne illness that can cause massive outbreaks, like E. coli. By switching to organic foods, specifically the meat of animals that aren’t overly drugged or vaccinated, there will be fewer chances of contracting such infections that tend to be drug-resistant.Antioxidants Concept or Anti Oxidants or Antioxidant
  5. Antioxidants impact When switching to organic foods, there will be antioxidants-related impacts that will be positive for the body. Cell-damaging effects caused by free radicals will be killed. Other amazing impacts include better mental health condition, reduced stress, lower risk of heart disease being developed, and faster metabolism.

It’s not very hard to find organic food in Hong Kong that contains zero GMOs, herbicides, and pesticides which are all poisonous to one’s body. When it comes to meat, it’s advisable to consume only free-range meat as they’re raised and farmed in a cleaner environment and contains no drugs and antibiotics. It is highly recommended to start an organic diet as soon as possible. They may cost more than non-organic products, but it’s a long-term investment considering the many benefits they have.

4 Everyday Foods Experts Say Will Help Maintain Healthy Blood Glucose Levels



If eating certain foods can send glucose levels to the roof, it makes sense that adjusting one’s diet can help reverse the condition. The need to monitor glucose levels is even more important to individuals suffering from type 2 diabetes. Yet, one has to strike a balance between being happy and satisfied and eating just enough of the right type of foods to stay healthy.

These are the foods experts recommend to any person wishing to keep their blood glucose pendulum swinging within safe limits:

Assortment of foodstuffs with a high fibre content, including various fruits and vegetables, wholemeal bread and baked beans.

  1. Fiber-Rich Foods, Whole Grains Foods rich in fiber content are known to help keep blood glucose levels at a minimum. Such foods constitute plant components that the human body is unable to digest or absorb. When consumed, dietary fiber regulates digestion which helps keep blood sugar levels within safety. Foods that contain fiber content include whole-wheat flour and legumes.2
  2. Seafood Regular eating of seafood can also help control glucose levels in the blood, nutritionists assert. Unlike red meat, fish contains less saturated fat and cholesterol, which is a major culprit when it comes to skyrocketing glucose in the system. Seafood such as tuna, sardines, and bluefish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that are critical to the promotion of overall heart health by lowering the presence of bad cholesterol in the blood.3
  3. Low-Calorie Drinks Well, drinking plenty of water is great for everybody’s health. Yet, infusing water with fruits and veggies makes a tasty, healthy beverage that can help maintain healthy glucose levels in the blood. For example, slicing lemon or cucumber into pieces and putting these in drinking water is a healthy habit. Other ideas include cold or hot tea fused with lemon or cinnamon. The ultimate concoction is low in carbohydrates levels, while drinking it also gives a sense of fullness, helping eliminate unhealthy food cravings.4
  4. Vegetables Vegetables, including greens, are very important to healthy blood glucose levels. Low-carb veggies, such as tomatoes, sprouts, and onions are fine examples of such foods. Kale and spinach are also low in carbohydrates, and therefore, they’re healthy diets.

Eating the right foods will deliver good news when it’s time to monitor glucose levels. And smart eating will always lead to lower risks of developing complications tied to the heart and blood circulation system.